Stop Genetically Engineered Salmon from Reaching Your Plate!
Tell FDA: Do Not Approve Genetically Engineered Salmon!
Deadline: 11:59 PM, April 26th, 2013
On December 21, 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released an Environmental Assessment (EA) with a “Finding of No Significant Impact” on the controversial AquaBounty AquaAdvantage transgenic salmon. The FDA action is widely viewed as confirmation that the Obama Administration is prepared to approve shortly the first genetically engineered (GE) animal intended for human consumption in the face of widespread opposition.
FDA says escape is unlikely and that the fish pose “no impact” to the environment. But each year millions of farmed salmon escape, outcompeting wild populations for resources and straining ecosystems. Any approval of GE salmon would represent a serious threat to the survival of native salmon populations, many of which have already suffered severe declines related to salmon farms and other man-made impacts. Additionally, the human health impacts of eating GE fish, which would be the first-ever GE food animal, are entirely unknown.
Sign the petition to tell the Food and Drug Administration not to approve GE salmon AND, if the Obama Administration insists on approving these genetically engineered fish, it should require the fish to be labeled!
I am writing to express my opposition to the approval of AquaBounty’s genetically engineered, AquAdvantage salmon (Docket No. FDA-2011-N-0899). As the AquaBounty transgenic salmon is the first genetically engineered (GE) animal intended for human consumption, the importance of thorough human health, environmental, and economic impact studies cannot be understated. This animal should not be approved for human consumption until further study indicates that they are safe for consumers and the environment. FDA’s cursory EA is inadequate, and a full environmental impact statement is necessary to properly study the potential impacts of this novel fish.
I am very concerned about the potential toxicity, allergenicity, and diseases posed by the commercialization of this transgenic fish. While data on human health impacts of GE fish is sparse, some recent studies have provided cause for serious concern. For example, scientists have asserted that foreign growth hormones in transgenic fish may increase production of other compounds such as insulin in the fish.
Genetically engineered fish also pose serious risks to our marine environment and wild populations of salmon, and the men and women who depend upon them for their livelihoods. Each year millions of farmed salmon escape, outcompeting wild populations for resources and straining ecosystems. Any approval of GE salmon would represent a serious threat to the survival of native salmon populations, many of which have already suffered severe declines related to salmon farms and other man-made impacts. Escaped GE salmon can pose an additional threat – genetic pollution resulting from what scientists call the “Trojan gene” effect.” Research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences notes that a release of just sixty GE salmon into a wild population of 60,000 would lead to the extinction of the wild population in less than 40 fish generations. This could be the last blow to wild salmon stocks.
Anticipating the stark danger to our ocean environments – and trying to circumvent analyses of those dangers – AquaBounty has claimed that they will only raise their fish in land-based facilities. However, AquaBounty is currently claiming that it will market the eggs, not the fish, and once the production of GE fish becomes commercialized, it will be impossible to control the whereabouts of every single individual and assure compliance with appropriate containment measures. According to a 2001 report, as these GE fish are intended for use on a global scale, a reliable containment regime following commercialization is just not conceivable. For example, the Environmental Risk Management Authority in New Zealand identified flaws in the safety system of the GE salmon tanks of the private company King Salmon where GE salmon eggs could have come into contact with sperm before escaping into the environment. Although there is no evidence that such an escape occurred, this example highlights the difficulties in designing safety measures which are 100% effective.
The AquaBounty company also says that it will only produce sterile females; however fish are known to change sex and there is no guaranteed method to produce 100% sterility. FDA has difficulty tracking salmonella in hen eggs; to believe that the FDA can track whether salmon eggs are sterile or not is nonsensical. Moreover, the company will need to keep stocks of fertile fish to produce additional offspring.
I strongly oppose the approval of these genetically engineered salmon and urge FDA to reject GE salmon. Should FDA decide to approve the AquAdvantage GE salmon despite overwhelming opposition, clear, mandatory labeling is an absolute must when marketing to fish farmers, fish retailers and food companies, restaurants, and when marketed to consumers to allow consumers like myself to make informed purchasing decisions. I need to know if the salmon I buy is genetically engineered, the first GE animal approved for food. Mandatory labeling required by FDA is the only way to protect the public’s right to know about these unprecedented changes to our food.